Download A Grammar of Kham (Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions) by David E. Watters PDF

By David E. Watters

ISBN-10: 0521812453

ISBN-13: 9780521812450

It is a entire grammatical documentation of Kham, a formerly undescribed language from west-central Nepal, belonging to the Tibeto-Burman language relations. The language has an strange constitution, containing a couple of features which are of instant relevance to present paintings on linguistic concept, together with break up ergativity and its demonstrative procedure. Its verb morphology has implications for the knowledge of the historical past of the total Tibeto-Burman family members. The publication, in accordance with vast fieldwork, presents copious examples in the course of the exposition. it is going to be a priceless source for typologists and common linguists alike.

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Additional info for A Grammar of Kham (Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions)

Sample text

Tetu- LONG: ‘to drop’ ‘to be poisoned’ c. ki- ‘to pluck’ ko- ‘to crow’ pi:pa:- ‘to milk’ ‘to break’ te:tu:- ‘to press down’ ‘to be spicy’ ki:ko:- ‘to plow’ ‘to peel, skin’ The short/long contrast is found primarily on the five vowels i, e, a, u, and o. The vowel /˙/ is almost always short, though there are a few examples of long /˙:/, as in: (11) a. k˙: b. m˙l˙: c. th˙:r˙i- ‘a lid’ ‘weevil’ ‘to determine’ Likewise, the vowel /Ó/ occurs almost exclusively as a long vowel. Recall that the vowel comes from the loss of final -k, and that the loss of a final consonant normally results in compensatory lengthening.

In unmarked declarative clauses, S and A (usually agents, but not always) are grouped together and form the pivot for syntactic operations like clause chaining and subordination. Though in normal, running discourse, the NP associated with S and A is usually missing, it is obligatorily indexed in the verb for person and number (as is the O argument). In detransitivizing operations, the clausal agent is deleted and the subject index in the detransitivized verb agrees with the patient. 5 Nominalization Nominalization is a major syntactic device in Kham, and operates at all levels of the grammar.

In clause chains, all tense/aspect and person/number information is marked on the chain-final verb, and chain-medial verbs are marked with varying degrees of person inflection depending on whether the subject participant of the following clause has referential continuity with the current clause. Most chains mark sequential events, but a few specify different aspects of the same 4 1 The people and their language event. The two types are not morphologically distinct. The differences lie, in part, on the level of ‘juncture’ between the two clauses, and various tests can be devised for teasing them apart.

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