Download A Lexicon of Ancient Latin Etymologies by Robert Maltby PDF

By Robert Maltby

ISBN-10: 090520574X

ISBN-13: 9780905205748

Etymology - the research of phrases particularly near to their derivations - was once a tremendous aspect in old concept, beginning with Plato's Cratylus. within the Roman interval it turned much more major, partly as a result of the effect of Stoicism at the prior improvement of Roman legislation. The De lingua latina of M. Terentius Varro, a latest of some of the significant classical Latin writers, is a wealthy shop of etymological concept and instance.

With the improvement of ancient philology within the 19th century, historic etymological perform got here to appear unscientific and hence unworthy of great consciousness. Classicists considered as ridiculous such derivations because the famous ''lucus a non lucendo'' (a 'shady grove', from 'not being lit'); seen etymologies, frequently on right names, they tended to push aside as trivial wordplay, feeble punning, or mere ornamentation. yet more moderen scholarship has proven that etymologies in Latin and Greek poetry and prose diversity some distance past right names, and are in no way continually visible. In an highbrow weather pleasant to diversified linguistic buildings, historical etymologising is more and more getting used as a device within the research of historical literature, and the highbrow substructure of historic etymological concept is once more being taken heavily. however the historic resources for identified etymologies are scattered and infrequently challenging to refer to, and the boundaries of the prospective usually are not consistently revered through literary students.

In A Lexicon of historical Latin Etymologies Robert Maltby offers an vital source for this box of enquiry. He has assembled all of the explicitly attested etymologies of Latin antiquity, from the predecessors of Varro to Isidore of Seville, masking glossaries and scholia in addition to average old etymological source-works. His coverage of quoting largely, instead of summarising, finds the relationships among historical gurus, and the reasoning in the back of a lot of their etymologies. the result's a huge paintings of reference with the intention to ease educated entry to this quarter of historic technology.

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B. mhd. lieber miieder bruoder > lieber müder Bruder (§ L 18). 3. Dehnungen mhd. kurzer Vokale in offener Tonsilbe (mhd. gë-ben [geban] > nhd. /12. Jh. (§ L 20), ebenso Dehnungen einsilbiger Wörter, kurzer Vokale vor bestimmten Konsonantengruppen (r+Dental) und als Analogiebildung in einsilbigen Wörtern mit geschlossener Silbe (§ L 21). 4. u. )(§L22). 5. Die Langfristtendenz zur Nebensilbenabschwächung setzt sich im Obd. fort in der Apokope jedes finalen hl (e) (z. B. die tage > die tag) (§ L 53,1) 6.

Gr. § M 2 M 30. Die stV. werden reduziert, einige werden schwach, andere verschwinden aus dem Wortschatz. Die Ablautreihen werden weitgehend aufgelöst. Tempus' stärker profiliert (mhd. bieten - biute - bôt - buten geboten > nhd. bieten - biete / bot - boten - geboten). 6. Hilfsmittel 1. Mhd. Wörterbücher: Benecke/Müller/Zarncke 1854 (nach Wortstämmen geordnet); Lexer 1872 (alphabetischer Index, mit zahlreichen Ergänzungen aus der Lit. -15. s); Lexer 1874 (,Kleiner Lexer', ohne Literaturbelege; Neudr.

Tirloup, aber erlóuben, úrteil - ertéilen, ántwiirte - ent-(spréchen)\ úrteilen u. ántwürten wurden erst später von den Nomina abgeleitet und zeigen daher Präfixbetonung, während Verbalableitungen wie mhd. erlóupnisse, entságunge, bestànt umgekehrt das unbetonte Verbalpräfix übernehmen (§ L 57,7). Wie die nicht akzentuierten Präfixe sind vom Germ, bis zum Mhd. auch die übrigen nicht-prominenten Silben in mehreren Phasen abgeschwächt worden. Insbesondere bei den Flexionsendungen hat dies zu starker Reduktion und vielfach auch zu gänzlichem Schwund der Endung geführt (§ M 4).

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