By Emanuele Capobianco, Veni Naidu
This research studies relief flows to the future health zone in Somalia over the interval 2000-2006. In shut collaboration with the health and wellbeing zone Committee of the Coordination of foreign aid to Somalis the authors gathered quantitative and qualitative facts from twenty-six foreign organizations working in Somalia, together with bilateral and multilateral donors. The paper reaches 3 major conclusions. First, reduction financing to the healthiness region in Somalia has been consistently growing to be, achieving US$ 7-10 in keeping with capita in 2006. even supposing this can be a huge volume in comparison to different fragile states, it will probably nonetheless be inadequate to deal with the inhabitants s wishes and to satisfy the excessive operational charges to paintings in Somalia. Secondly, contributions to the future health zone may possibly and may be extra strategic. the focal point on a few vertical courses (e.g. HIV/AIDS and malaria) turns out to have diverted recognition clear of different vital courses (e.g. immunization and reproductive healthiness) and from easy well-being approach wishes (infrastructure, human assets, etc.). The 3rd end is that extra analytical paintings on future health financing is required to force coverage judgements in Somalia. equally to different fragile states, caliber details on wellbeing and fitness area financing is scanty, hence affecting the coverage making strategy negatively.
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Extra info for A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia (World Bank Working Papers) (World Bank Working Papers; Africa Human Development)
Rate of Exchange Data for the calendar years were collected in the currency of the donor agency. S. 8 Data Verification All disbursed funds were accounted for at the donor agency level. To avoid double counting, approximately 80 percent of all funds disbursed were cross-checked with recipients/ implementing agencies or against contracts issued by the donor agency. After compiling data by donors and recipients/implementing agencies, all finance or program managers interviewed were sent a copy of the data sheets for verification.
Sixty-one percent of aid for the health sector went to the South-Central zone (which accounts for 52 percent of the population), 19 percent went to Puntland (which accounts for 20 percent of the population), while 20 percent went to Somaliland (which accounts for 28 percent of the population). The level of coordination in the health sector is mixed. Through various working groups, the CISS has played an important role in coordinating donors and implementers on technical matters. It also succeeded in uniting partners, including Somali authorities, into a CCM that has been legitimized by the GFATM.
However, more is known about international NGOs that operate in Somalia and finance themselves mostly through private donations. The international NGO, Medecins San Frontieres (MSF) operates large humanitarian programs in 12 locations in central and south Somalia (Medecins San Frontieres 2007). In 2006, MSF had a country budget of US$24 million (Michalski 2007), which is 100 percent funded through own resources. This amount is considerable and should be taken into consideration when reviewing the data presented in Table 6.