By John Middleton
Offering a entire examine the continent of Africa and the nations that contain it, this publication describes its peoples and cultures, song and artwork, alternate and economic climate, vacations and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its historical past, artwork and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.
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Additional resources for Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Abidjan - Economic
D. 642, it slowly declined over the next several hundred years. africa_vol1 1/14/03 9:06 AM Page 17 Algeria The French occupied Alexandria from 1798 to 1801. Then in the early 1800s the Ottoman viceroy Muhammad Ali brought new life to the city by building a canal to the Nile River and by encouraging foreign traders to settle there. Alexandria thrived as a result of the newly established cotton trade. After the SUEZ CANAL opened in 1869, the city once again became a major trading post between Europe and Asia.
As a result, many countries now import food. Rapid population growth has added to the problem, creating a demand for larger quantities of food. At the same time, the migration of Africans from rural areas to cities has reduced the number of people engaged in subsistence farming who grow enough to feed themselves. Environmental conditions and crop failures have added to the problems of agricultural production. Africa has always experienced periods of drought and famine. However, as populations have risen, it has become increasingly difficult for African nations to cope with crop shortages.
By reducing the number of productive workers, the disease will create severe labor shortages in industries and agriculture. Schools and hospitals will be understaffed. Large numbers of children will lose their parents to AIDS. Already, the disease has left more than 13 million African children orphaned, and it is estimated that this number will rise to 40 million by 2010. As a result, vast numbers of children may grow up in poverty with few opportunities and little hope. At present, the prospects for controlling HIV and AIDS in Africa appear dim.