Download Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke PDF

By Saartje Verbeke

ISBN-10: 311029253X

ISBN-13: 9783110292534

The e-book presents an outline of the alignment styles present in glossy Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the suggestion of ergativity and evaluates its price for typological linguistics. The publication bargains an in depth dialogue of past ways to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The e-book is a radical synchronic learn of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.

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Extra info for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages

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The question of the validity of referential hierarchies for the case marking of O is related to the marking of A. In particular, a phenomenon called “markedness reversal” complicates the perspective related to referential hierarchies. The concept of “markedness reversal” has an immediate bearing on differential subject marking. 15 However, there is one exception that is often ignored in typological literature. , Willems 2000: 98). 16 This conclusion is largely based on evidence from Hindi-Urdu, which Klein and de Swart (2011) however slightly misrepresent (cf.

Dixon 1979: 112). Furthermore, in most morphologically ergative constructions, {S, A} functions as the pivot. Hence, although S and A are morphologically different, their syntactic behaviour is identical in these constructions. Comrie (1973) also notes that in the final analysis there are more arguments to retain the concept of subject than to reject it. Furthermore, recent psycholinguistic research has demonstrated that A and S are cognitively processed in the same way; this observation seems to indicate that “subject” is actually a cognitive reality (cf.

Q in the monotransitive construction in ex. (13) is absolutive, whereas in the ditransitive construction in ex. (14), the O aningaasa-nik is instrumental. The recipient in ex. ’ tuqup-paa? 3sg->3sg 9 Secundative and indirective alignment can occur in different constructions in the same language. For instance, in West Greenlandic, O can be expressed by means of an absolutive case instead of an instrumental as in ex. (14), and the recipient by means of an allative case or an absolutive case (Fortescue 1984: 89).

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