Download An Introduction to Modern Japanese: Book 1 by Richard John Bowring, Haruko Uryu Laurie PDF

By Richard John Bowring, Haruko Uryu Laurie

ISBN-10: 052154887X

ISBN-13: 9780521548878

This is often a radical one-year introductory direction in jap, additionally compatible when you desire to paintings at a slower velocity. scholars who end this path may have an organization clutch of the way the language works and sufficient wisdom of the writing approach to take on daily written fabric with out greater than a dictionary. specific awareness is paid to questions of grammar which overseas rookies usually locate so tricky, so booklet possible additionally function a reference grammar. An creation to fashionable eastern makes use of either spoken and written kinds from the outset. There are note lists for every lesson, and a accomplished vocabulary for the total path. publication One contains fifty-two classes that are followed via routines and be aware lists in e-book . The workouts make sure that the scholar has understood the grammar defined within the suitable classes and provides extra perform in examining and spotting characters.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Modern Japanese: Book 1

Sample text

And after /la:/, as in (la: rajulan fi: al-bayti ya9rifuhu - No one in the house knows him). 8. it is the one that controls reflexive pronouns, as in (Daraba zaydun maryama wa nafsahu - Zeid hit Mary and himself). 9. it is the controller of pronominalization and coreferential deletion, as in (qabbala zaydun zawjatahu wa rakiba al-qiTa:ra - Zeid kissed his wife and boarded the train). 10. it is the NP that is absent in passive correlates of active sentences. 11. it is the NP that is obligatorily deleted in the second conjunct if it is coreferential with the SUBJECT NP in the first conjunct since they have the same grammatical relation in their respective conjuncts, as in (qa:bala zaydun maryama wa 9asaqaha: - Zeid met Mary and fell in love with her).

8 : 96) 48. ) (Ref. 10 : 107) 49. : 96) 8. when giving headlines in the media such as news bulletins and newspapers, as in (50), and in captions, as in (51): 50. ) (Ref. 1987) 51. ) (Ref. 1989) 9. when the SUBJECT is a long NP, as in (52): 52. ) (Ref. 1987) Subject in Arabic 35 The reasons stipulated by Cantarino for placing an NP initially cover only those which are NP1's. As examples (53-54) below show, however, it is not necessarily NP1 which is placed initially, it may be an NP2 as in (53) and (54a) or indeed an NP2 consisting of a noun and its apposition demonstrative pronoun as in (54b).

To achieve contrastivity, as in (53): 53. ) zaydun Zeid-nom 11. to mention known information to the addressee before unknown information, as in (54a-b): 54a. at bi'islu:bin mutaTawwirin yakfulu liHa:mili: waHa:mila:ti al-ashumi Hurriyyatan kabi:ratan fi: al-ta9a:muli , wa'a9ni: bihi 'islu:ba al-su:qi al-ma:liyyati. (The new Saudi scheme has adopted a modem method which allows greater freedom in business for male and female shareholders. ) 9alayhi on-it-gen (Ref. 29: 15) 54b. ) (Ref. 6 SUBJECT, MUBTADA' AND FA:9IL We shall now proceed to compare SUBJECT with the traditional grammarians' mubtada' and fa:9il.

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