By David Denison, Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero, Chris McCully, Emma Moore
Is historic linguistics varied in precept from different linguistic examine? This e-book addresses difficulties encountered in collecting and analysing facts from early English, together with the unfinished nature of the facts and the hazards of misinterpretation or over-interpretation. having said that, gaps within the info can occasionally be stuffed. the amount brings jointly a group of prime English ancient linguists who've encountered such matters first-hand, to debate and recommend ideas to various difficulties within the phonology, syntax, dialectology and onomastics of older English. the themes expand commonly over the heritage of English, chronologically and linguistically, and comprise Anglo-Saxon naming practices, the phonology of the alliterative line, computational dimension of dialect similarity, dialect levelling and enregisterment in overdue glossy English, stress-timing in English phonology and the syntax of previous and early smooth English. The ebook may be of specific curiosity to researchers and scholars in English historic linguistics.
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Extra resources for Analysing Older English
In the b-verse, anacrusis is less common, but 4 of the 7 examples have non-preﬁxal anacrusis, for reasons given in Russom (1996). Item (29) is a representative example of non-preﬁxal anacrusis from Beowulf. (29) 5 swaˉ / sǣ be- / buˉ geð ‘as (the) sea surrounds’ x/S:x/Sx Beo 1223b a: 7X; b: 4X For recent discussion of caesuras and associated metrical phenomena see Kiparsky and Youmans (1989: 56–68, 115–16, 158–79, 237–40, 349–78). Explanatory metrics and English function words 23 B-verses with anacrusis began as a marginal phenomenon, but their two dips provided convenient locations for proliferating function words, and these locations were heavily used by the late Old English period.
But this should not cause us too much pain. The beginning- and end-points of onymisation are beyond dispute: expressions either mean by virtue of the senses of their constituents, or they do not. It is not unreasonable to subject the intervening stages in the developmental process to intelligent speculation. I shall say more below about how this process might operate neurophysiologically. Let us turn to a detailed analysis of the place-name Fulﬂood as representing a very large class of comparable names.
The other 7 are like item (40), which has a trochaic word instead of a word group. Unlike expanded use of anacrusis, expanded use of hypermetrical verses employs well-established metrical patterns. The late Old English Judith avoids new kinds of anacrusis employed in Maldon but has a strikingly high frequency of hypermetrical verses. Enhanced frequency of the preferred hypermetrical variant is well underway in Judith, where b-verses like (40) outnumber b-verses like (38) by a ratio of 63:4, as compared with 14:4 (7:2) for comparable variants in Beowulf.