Download Architectures for Agreement: Addressing Global Climate by Joseph E. Aldy, Robert N. Stavins PDF

By Joseph E. Aldy, Robert N. Stavins

ISBN-10: 0521692172

ISBN-13: 9780521692175

With expanding greenhouse fuel emissions, we're launched into an unparalleled test with an doubtful end result for the way forward for the planet. The Kyoto Protocol serves as an preliminary step via 2012 to mitigate the threats posed by way of worldwide weather switch yet policy-makers, students, businessmen, and environmentalists have all started debating the constitution of the successor to the Kyoto contract. Written by means of a crew of top students in economics, legislation and diplomacy, this booklet contributes to this debate via studying the benefits of six replacement overseas architectures for weather coverage.

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The “Berlin Mandate” called for commitments by industrialized countries after 2000 and reiterated the UNFCCC’s “common but differentiated responsibilities” language in effectively exempting developing countries from emission commitments. The following year at the second COP in Geneva, Switzerland, the United States advocated in favor of binding quantitative emission commitments. These two years of negotiations set the stage for the third COP in Kyoto, Japan, in December, 1997. On the eleventh day of the ten-day Kyoto conference, the parties to the UNFCCC agreed on the terms of what came to be known as the Kyoto Protocol.

The absence of a long-term goal, although at an apparent detriment in terms of the environmental outcome, may be helpful in light of the policy flexibility criterion. Setting quantitative commitments only through 2012 allows for the international policy community to respond to future information and adapt policy tools and goals accordingly. The Kyoto approach of simply focusing on the near-term may be inferior, however, to one that sets long-term goals and allows for policy flexibility in deciding on short-term goals and means of implementation.

Oeschger, U. Siegenthaler, and B. Stauffer (1994).

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