By M. Jary
Statement is a time period often utilized in linguistics and philosophy yet hardly ever outlined. This in-depth examine surveys and synthesizes a number philosophical, linguistic and mental literature at the subject, after which offers an in depth account of the cognitive techniques concerned with the translation of assertions.
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Extra info for Assertion (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition)
However, as we will now see, this reliance threatens to undermine his anti-Fregean stance. Barker’s problem is that he is ultimately reliant on the very force/sense distinction that he seeks to reject, even though this now operates, for him, at the level of thought. com - licensed to Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromso - PalgraveConnect - 2011-04-20 28 states that Barker posits as the medium in which basic intentions are formed contains both doxastic and intentional tracking states (2004: 193). These might be distinguished by saying that the former, as they are correct if they match the world, are truth-apt, while the latter are not.
A reportive assertion is, in essence, characterised by the speaker’s intention to defend a commitment that the state of affairs described by her utterance obtains, that it is an accurate reflection of how the world is. However, because, according to Barker, logical complexity is not a feature of the world (2007: 4–5), logically complex assertions, such as those containing negation and modal operators, cannot be analysed as involving intentions to represent how the world is. In these cases, Barker claims, speakers do not intend to defend a commitment to a state of affairs obtaining, but to being in a particular commitment state, one that it is correct to be in for a creature whose cognitive system is aimed at accurately representing the world.
3 The crucial point for present purposes is that the philosophical view of assertion as prior to belief, as defended by Dummett, is not incompatible with an approach to the science of utterance interpretation that seeks to explain assertion in terms of the communication of belief, treating belief as prior. The first is a conceptual claim, the second an empirical one. The position taken is this book, then, will be that assertion is conceptually prior to belief: if we want to say what assertion is without reference to the cognitive capacities that allow us to engage in this practice, then we cannot do so by reference to belief expression.