Download Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, by Wendy Cameron PDF

By Wendy Cameron

ISBN-10: 0773520341

ISBN-13: 9780773520349

Using a wealthy choice of modern assets, this research specializes in one workforce of English immigrants despatched to top Canada from Sussex and different southern counties through parishes and landlords. partly One, Wendy Cameron follows the paintings of the Petworth Emigration Committee over six years and hint how the immigrants have been acquired in every one of those years. partly , Mary McDougall Maude offers a whole checklist of emigrants on Petworth ships from 1832 to 1837, together with info in their historical past, kin reconstructions, and extra info drawn from Canadian resources. Paternalism robust adequate to gradual the wheels of switch is embodied right here in Thomas Sockett, the organizer of the Petworth emigrations, and his purchaser, the Earl of Egremont, and in Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne in top Canada. The friction created as those males sought to maintain older values within the dating among wealthy and terrible highlights the shift in British emigration coverage. In those years of transition immigrants despatched by way of the Petworth Emigration Committee may perhaps settle for counsel and the govt path that went with it, or they can depend on their very own assets and locate paintings for themselves. as soon as the transition used to be entire, the market-driven version took over and immigrants needed to make their very own top discount for his or her labour.

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Extra info for Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, 1832-1837

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19 In the situation in which they found themselves in 1830, aristocratic landlords often tried to save appearances by encouraging employers to make concessions before they received threats. 20 In many Sussex parishes, noble landlords smoothed the way so that no incidents occurred of a magnitude to be noticed by historians. 21 As a practical incentive to farmers to raise wages, Egremont and other landlords reduced their rents. 22 Specifically, they wanted farmers to maintain the higher rates of pay into the winter months and to keep their casual workers on as regular employees of a single master.

48 The continuation of Colborne's five-acre-lot plan under Head probably owed as much to institutional memory and its small scale as to any thought the new lieutenant-governor gave to its merits. Head encouraged the sending of parish emigrants, but under his direction this program and all those for their reception were starved of money. His intention was to force the communities that he believed were benefiting from immigration to look after immigration's casualties. Under Colborne, all agents in the Crown Lands Department (the government department responsible 24 T H E PETWORTH E M I G R A T I O N S , 1 8 3 2 - 1 8 3 7 for lands still in the possession of the crown) had given more or less of their attention to poor immigrants and had helped find jobs or a location for many who were capable of work.

Most British immigrants settled in the United States, although in the early period many came first to the British North American colonies to take advantage of cheaper fares. Between 1815 and 1865, more than one million people left Britain for British North America. Irish immigrants predominated during the first half of the nineteenth century. This particular migration was largest in 1831 and 1832, a time when the people of Upper Canada were moving quickly to open new areas and bring them into cultivation.

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