By U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec
Lately, the improvement of latest applied sciences has approved the construction of 'functional' or 'smart' textiles. those materials are able to sensing alterations in environmental stipulations or physique capabilities and are competently responding to them. they may be able to take up elements from the outside or to unencumber healing or beauty compounds. for example, they are often utilized in undies with an built-in cardio-on-line process or as textiles with service molecules. the focus of curiosity in biofunctional textiles lies at the moment at the use of textiles helping treatment and prevention in dermatology. This quantity collects information regarding new tendencies within the interplay among textiles and the surface, rather the improvement of antimicrobial-finished textiles. It provides a variety of papers that allows you to give a contribution to additional consolidate the discussion among dermatologists, allergologists, biomaterial scientists and fabric engineers.
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Additional info for Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin (Current Problems in Dermatology)
They protect wounds from nosocomial and other pathogenic flora whilst being entirely safe. The thin laminate slowly dissolves in wound fluids to release silver, calcium and phosphate ions for antibacterial action and wound repair. It is unfortunate that although notable antibacterial and antifungal activity has been reported for all the sustained silver release dressings in in vitro experiments, clinical verification of their action is not generally available. Preliminary clinical trials in the Charing Cross Hospital have shown that patients treated with a range of dressings still show residual infections.
Bioglass biodegrades in the presence of tissue fluids and macrophages to release calcium, silicon and phosphate for bone repair and has clinical applications in hard and soft tissue repair. Silver oxide added to this bone cement has shown excellent antimicrobial potential in preclinical studies but approval for clinical studies is pending. In the same way, where medical silk sutures were ‘doped’ with silver oxide (fig. ], clinical work is still pending. Silver in Cardiovascular Surgery Limited success has been achieved in using silver to control infections associated with cardiovascular devices including heart valve sewing rings, stents and prostheses.
Korting et al.  have pointed out that the composition of the skin flora is subject to age: the streptococci which are found in infants disappear, and coryneform bacteria occur, which are mainly responsible for odor production. Anaerobic propionibacteria are more numerous in juveniles and young adults, a fact that may be explained by increased sebum production . The relevance of skin resident flora for the healthy skin lies in the fact that it generates an ecological system protecting from pathogens.