Download Boys in the Pits: Child Labour in Coal Mines by Robert McIntosh PDF

By Robert McIntosh

ISBN-10: 0773520937

ISBN-13: 9780773520936

Boys within the Pits exhibits the quick adulthood of the lads and their position in resisting exploitation. In what is going to definitely be a arguable interpretation of kid labour, Robert McIntosh recasts wage-earning teenagers as greater than sufferers, exhibiting that they have been people who answered intelligently and resourcefully to their situations. Boys within the Pits is especially well timed as, regardless of the United international locations conference at the Rights of the kid, permitted via the overall meeting in 1989, baby labour nonetheless happens in the course of the global and keeps to generate controversy. McIntosh offers a big new viewpoint from which to think about those debates, reorienting our method of baby labour, explaining instead of condemning the perform. in the broader social context of the interval, the place where of kids was once being redefined as - and restricted to - the house, institution, and playground, he examines the function of adjusting applied sciences, replacement resources of unskilled labour, new divisions of labour, alterations within the kin economic climate, and laws to discover the altering volume of kid labour within the mines.

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H. O. Macdonald, and Robert Drummond. Boys also crossed the path of government. 44 After 1900 the federal Department of Labour collected information on work in the industry. From these records, the history of boys in the mines can be reconstructed. Any study of child labour sits at the intersection of working-class history, the history of childhood, and the history of the family. The child as worker has preoccupied historians in none of these fields. 45 The literature continues to be dominated by the skilled worker, his workplace, his industrial conflicts, his trade unions, his culture – and, most recently, constructions of his gender identity.

108 Under the influence of women’s organizations, organized reform focused increasingly on government efforts expended on behalf of women, children, and the family. 109 The British Columbia campaign for mothers’ pensions (provided by the province to women without an adult male breadwinner and with dependent children) provides an example of a typical reform coalition. In Vancouver, the Local Council of Women was lobbying as early as 1901; it later gained support from the University Women’s Club, the Children’s Aid Society, the wctu, the iode, the Equal Franchise Association, and local organized labour.

Nova Scotia continued to account for half; nearly 8,000 were employed in Alberta and a further 3,000 in British Columbia. 30 Coal mining provided the basis of a number of regional economies. Coal was mined on a small scale on Cape Breton Island from the seventeenth century. The first large-scale mines in British North America, dependent on cheap seaborne transportation, were developed in the 1820s at the Albion Mines, in Pictou County, and at Sydney Mines, on Cape Breton Island. 87 * Indicates little or no coal production.

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