Download Carbon and Its Domestication by A.M. Mannion PDF

By A.M. Mannion

ISBN-10: 1402039581

ISBN-13: 9781402039584

Carbon is a crucial component to environmental and financial structures. Its special chemistry makes it vital biologically, geologically, and climatically. Its domestication in time and area has many manifestations, together with the keep watch over of fireside, improvement of agriculture, fossil-fuel use and biotechnology. All have exacted an environmental expense. Many organisations exist to regulate carbon via conservation, and so forth. Carbon administration is now a hugely charged overseas political factor within which strength provision is a chief issue. This cross-disciplinary textual content makes a speciality of the pivotal position of carbon in society and within the atmosphere.

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Additional resources for Carbon and Its Domestication

Sample text

This and subsequent iron exploitation required an energy source: wood. While agriculture relied on solar, human and probably animal labour for energy, metallurgy presented a new use for the stored energy of photosynthesis. The resulting tools (and weapons) assisted with the acquisition of food energy in agricultural systems. There is evidence based on the genetic characteristics of modern humans that people actually migrated from the centre of agricultural innovation in the Near East into Europe, but the technology also spread through the communication of ideas between groups.

They have usually been created for a specific purpose, such as pharmaceuticals, crop protection chemicals and plastics. Usually they are complex molecules and comprise many carbon atoms combined with more than one other atom. The huge range of organic compounds means that they can also be classified as simple or complex. 3). The many carbon atoms of complex compounds may be arranged in long chains or rings, in combination with several additional atoms; examples include the hydrocarbons, cellulose, vanilla, nicotine and the alcohols.

Senese (2004) reports that the long hydrocarbon chain renders capsaicin insoluble in water and is the cause of its strong flavour because it facilitates strong binding with lipoprotein receptors in human taste buds. Apart from its use in food, capsaicin is used in the manufacture of self-defence sprays against muggers etc. and as a treatment for arthritis and similar conditions. Another commonly used f lavouring is that of menthol which is a terpene. Terpenes are a large group of organic molecules, most of which are isocyclic though a few are heterocyclic.

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