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Additional resources for Case and Agreement in Inuit
The Inuit languages, however, also have a genitive rule that applies in finite clauses. This rule applies in essentially the same way as the the genitive rule in NPs. We can speak here of an extension of the genitive rule for NPs to clauses, b) The 'absolutive' is nominative, assigned by finite INFL to the subject of intransitive clauses or to the direct object of transitive clauses. In the latter the nominative is available for the direct object because the subject is genitive. One of the technical points we have not considered so far concerns the fact that genitive Case never appears on the subject of intransitive clauses.
ERGATTVTTY 20 b. Ima tya manä kartam Pasrthavaiy this-nom what-nom I-gen done Parthia-loc 'This is what I have done in Parthia' ΟΡ,Ρ: 148 In (34b) the only NP that agrees with the verb is the direct object. Furthermore in Old Persian the genitive is also the Case of the agent phrase in the passive construction. Both in passive and in perfect structures it is optional. The facts are accounted for if one assumes that the perfect participle is unable to assign Case to its direct object and that consequently a direct object NP has to move to the subject position, where it can be assigned nominative by INFL(agr).
A further point is that if one assumes that thematic structures of verbs are hierarchically ordered and that D-structures reflect this ordering, the lexical entries for verbs in syntactically ergative languages would be completely different from that in accusative languages (this is already observed in de Rijk (1966)). The observations above demonstrate that the Projection Hypothesis leads to complexities in the theory of grammar, which, if possible, should be avoided. There are two more remarks that can be made about the two hypotheses.